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PROGRAMME>>>Nation Programme On Improved Chulhas (NPIC)

The National Programme on Improved Chulha (NPIC) was started in 1986-87 with the objectives of:
  • Conserving fuel wood, thereby checking deforestation.

  • Eliminating smoke from kitchens

  • Reducing the drudgery of women and girl children

  • Generating employment in rural areas.

 

Overview

 Cumulative Achievement upto 31st March, 2003 under NPIC, against estimated potential
 State/U.T. No. of Chulha in lakhs % coverage of potential
Estimated Potential Cumulative Achievement
Andhra Pradesh 97.08 40.67 42
Arunachal Pradesh 01.50 0.43 29

Assam

36.00 6.04 17
Bihar 123.83 11.94 10
Gujarat 50.72 15.40 30
Goa 01.40 1.21 86
Haryana 20.61 11.15 54
Himachal Pradesh 08.53 6.64 78
Jammu & Kashmir 11.75 4.48 38
Karnataka 60.76 16.52 27
Kerala 40.73 9.54 23
Madhya Pradesh 101.58 29.32 29
Maharashtra 96.50 24.63 26
Manipur 2.64 0.72 27
Meghalaya 2.54 0.22 9
Mizoram 0.73 0.52 71
Nagaland 2.01 0.38 19
Orissa 54.55 22.47 41
Punja 25.38 11.49 45
Rajasthan 55.54 26.08 47
Sikkim 0.92 0.86 93
Tamil Nadu 80.16 28.23 35
Tripura 4.65 0.64 14
Uttar Pradesh 187.45 40.61 22
West Bengal 98.72 37.79 38
Andaman & Nicobar 0.40 0.34 85
Chandigarh 0.66 0.19 29
Dadra & Nagar Haveli 0.25 0.15 60
Daman & Diu 0.10 0.01 10
Delhi 9.06 2.66 29
Lakshwadeep 0.10 0.05 50
Pondicherry 0.59 0.47 80
Total 1200.00 351.85 29

 

 

National Programme on Improved Chulhas (NPIC)
 

Overview

Wood, agricultural residues and cattle-dung cakes are the primary energy sources for cooking in rural areas. Traditional chulhas, commonly in use in rural areas, however, are inefficient and environmentally undesirable. In contrast, improved chulhas are scientifically designed for optimal regulation of heat flow and better fuel utilization. Improved chulhas have heat transfer efficiency of 20-35%as compared to 8-10% in case of traditional chulhas.

The National Programme

  • Caters to installation of improved chulhas in rural and semi-urban households.

  • Started in 1986-87 with the following objectives :
    (i) Conservation of fuel wood and other biomass;
    (ii) Removal of smoke from kitchen;
    (iii) Check on deforestation and environmental up gradation;
    (iv) Reduction in the drudgery of women and girl children from cooking in smoky kitchen ;
    (v) Reduction of health hazards and in cooking time; and
    (vi) Provides employment opportunities to rural people.

  • More than 30 models of durable fixed with chimney and portable improved chulhas are available for family, community and commercial applications.

  • Cumulative Achievement is over 350 lakh improved chulhas up to 31st March, 2003 against an estimated potential of covering 1200 lakh households in the country.

  • There are fifteen manufacturers of ISI marked portable metallic chulhas in the country.

 

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