Integrated Rural Energy Programme (IREP)
aims at developing capabilities at the
micro-level for planning and implementation of area based energy
plans and projects with the objective of meeting energy needs of
rural population for productive and subsistence needs.
The programme has two components, viz., the Central sector and the
State sector components. The Central Sector component includes:
Central outlay is used for developing capabilities in the States
for preparing and implementing integrated rural energy plans and
Providing Grants-in-aid for staff in the IREP project cells at the
State, District and Block levels and also supporting their
State sector outlay is utilized for:
Implementation of IREP plan and projects
including funding of demonstration activities.
Provision of Financial incentives for various
Providing funds for extension and other
related activities for the implementation of the plan.
Funds and Resources from other ongoing
schemes and programmes for energy input are also utilized in IREP
Blocks with the objective of creating sustainable models of
development and showcasing the utility of Renewable Energy based
solutions steeped in locally available resources.
7 Districts – Dumka, Hazaribagh,
22 Villages under the abovementioned
districts and blocks were selected for implementation of this
Technical Backup units are functioning
at the State Headquarters, Ranchi.
Integrated Rural Energy Programme
(IREP) was conceptualized during the Sixth Five Year Plan and
launched as Centrally Sponsored Scheme in the Seventh Plan.
IREP was transferred in 1994-95 from
the Planning Commission to MNES.
IREP aims at promotion of an optimum
mix of both conventional and non -conventional energy sources in
selected Blocks in the country.
The objectives of
the Programme are as follows:-
Provision of the most cost effective
mix of various energy sources and options for meeting, the
requirements of sustainable agriculture and rural development by
giving due weightage to environmental considerations.
Provision of minimum domestic energy
needs of cooking and lighting in IREP Blocks
Development of capabilities in States/UTs
for preparation and implementation of Block Level Energy Plans and
Ensuring large scale peoples’
participation in the planning and implementation of programmes
through the involvement of Panchayats, voluntary organisations and
institutions at the micro level for the implementation of the IREP
Setting up and strengthening of the
mechanisms and co-ordination arrangements for linking micro level
planning and rural energy and economic development so as to ensure
regular and planned flow of energy inputs for meeting, the
requirements of various end-users in the IREP projects.
Financing of the programme by
supplementing available Central and State budgetary support with
resources to be mobilised by the panchayats and other local bodies
and peoples’ participation.
IREP has two components as mentioned below:
Central Sector Component
The Centrally Sponsored Scheme provides grants-in-aid for support
staff in the IREP project cells at the State and Block levels,
training of the staff and extension work
State Sector Component
State Sector outlays are utilized for the implementation of IREP
Block Energy Plans and Projects including funding of demonstration
activities, financial incentives for various energy devices,
extension and other related activities and mobilisation
of resources from other ongoing schemes and programmes for energy
and rural development in the IREP Blocks. A total of 860 blocks
has been sanctioned for implementation in all the States and
Union Territories. State Level Technical Back Up Units (STBU) have
been sanctioned to 19 States/UTs for providing technical support
to IREP State and Block Cells A total of 22 National Pilot
Projects (NPPs) have been sanctioned to 17 States/UTs to serve as
model IREP Blocks. Regional IREP Training Centres have been set up
one each at village Bakoli, NCT of Delhi; village Amrol, district
Anand, Gujarat; Jakkur, near Bangalore, Karnataka; Shillong,
Mehgalaya and Chinhat, near Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. Out of these,
the Lucknow, Delhi, Jakkur and Village Amrol, District Anand
Centres are functioning at present. IREP is implemented by State
nodal departments and nodal agencies.
features of National Pilot Project (NPP)
To build up mechanism for increasing
the necessity of utilising energy in an efficient way among rural
Meet the basic minimum energy needs
for cooking and lighting of IRDP beneficiary in the NPP Block on
100% coverage basis.
Jointly funded by State and Centre on
50:50 basis, upto Rs.10.00 lakhs for each NPP.
To serve as model IREP Block by
strengthening/updating the links/components of the on-going IREP.
Make IREP more participatory, cost
effective, sustainable and accessible.
Functions of the Centres are as follows:-
To impart training to the manpower at
village, block, district, State and National level in planning,
implementation for Integrated Rural Energy Programme.
To develop course materials for
different training courses of various levels on Integrated Rural
To establish data base on rural energy
demand and supply for different micro-regions of the States and
To monitor various rural energy and
development projects for developing suitable computer simulation
To establish facilities for
documentation, information, dissemination and mass communication
in the area of rural energy.
To establish all demonstration centres
for renewable energy sources
To undertake Research and Development
work of rural energy systems.
To undertake Research and Development
on programme implementation and management models including the
use of various organisational and institutional alternatives
including voluntary agencies/NGOs.
To carry out economic, social and
environmental impact and other related issues.
Address of the four functional Centres
are given below:-
Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Integrated
Rural Energy Planning and Development, Village Bakoli, Alipur, NCT
IREP Trianing Centre ,Deva Road,
Chinhat ,Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.
Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Rural
Energy and Development, Srirampura Cross, Jakkur, Bangalore-560
IREP Training Centre, Village Amrol,
District Anand, Gujarat