Govt. of Jharkhand


FAQ>>>Bio Fuel



Ques. What are Bio-fuels?
Ans. Bio-fuels are renewable liquid fuels derived from biological materials by a number of chemical / biological processes.



Ques.  What are the advantages of Bio-fuels?

  •  Renewable in nature

  • Environment friendly

  • Reduced dependence on fossil fuels

  • Increased agricultural economy and rural employment



Ques. Which are the potential Bio-fuels being financed by JREDA?
Ethanol (primarily for blending with petrol)
Bio-diesel (for blending with diesel)




Ques. What are the raw materials used for production of Bio-fuels?
Ans. Ethanol:
There are three categories of raw-materials used for the production of ethanol:
1) Sugar based - sugar cane, sugar beet, sweet sorghum etc.
2) Starch based - all types of grains including wheat, rice, corn, barley, malt etc. and
tubers such as potatoes and cassava etc.
3) Cellulose based - agro-waste, agro-residues, bagasse, rice-husk, straw etc.
Edible and non-edible oil and animal fats.
Potential sources of bio-diesel in India can be non-edible oils obtained from plants species such as Jatropha Curcas (Rattan jot), Pongamia Pinnata (karanj ) etc.





Ques. Has JREDA financed any Bio-fuels projects so far?
Yes, JREDA has already financed some ethanol projects.





Ques. Is there any interest subsidy scheme for bio-fuel projects?
Yes, Interest subsidy of 3% is available from Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources, Govt. of India, for following type of projects: -
Ethanol production projects utilizing raw-material root other than sugar cane /molasses
All bio-diesel production projects

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